Integrated Publishing Toolkit(IPT)

free and open access to biodiversity data

Literature based species occurrence data of birds of North-East India

Latest version published by Wildlife Institute of India on Nov 6, 2019 Wildlife Institute of India

North-east region of India is one of the significant biodiversity hotspot. Being, one of the richest bird area, it is an important routes for migratory birds and home to many endemic birds. This paper describes the literature based dataset of species occurrences of birds of the north-eastern India. The occurrence records documented in the dataset are distributed across eleven provinces of India, viz. Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal. The geospatial scope of the dataset represents 24 to 29 degree North latitude and 78 to 94 degree East longitude and comprises of over 2400 occurrence records. These records have been collated from scholarly literature published during 1915 – 2008, especially the Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society (JBNHS). The temporal scale of the dataset represents bird observations recorded during 1909 – 2007. The dataset has been developed by employing MS Excel. The key elements in the database are scientific name, taxonomic classification, temporal and geospatial details including geo-coordinate precision, data collector, basis of record, and primary source of the data record. The temporal and geospatial quality of more than 50% of the data records has been enhanced retrospectively. Where possible, data records are annotated with geospatial coordinate precision to the nearest minute. This dataset is being constantly updated with addition of new data records, and quality enhancement of documented occurrences. The dataset can be used in species distribution and niche modeling studies. It is planned to expand the scope of the dataset to collate bird species occurrences across Indian peninsular.

Data Records

The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 2,413 records.

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.


Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:

Data as a DwC-A file download 2,413 records in English (90 KB) - Update frequency: unknown
Metadata as an EML file download in English (43 KB)
Metadata as an RTF file download in English (35 KB)


The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Sujit Narwade, Mohit Kalra, Rajkumar Jagdish, Divya Varier, Sagar Satpute, Gautam Talukdar (2011), Collaborative work of Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre and Important Bird Areas Programmes-Indian Bird Conservation Network (IBA-IBCN) projects of the BNHS, India, Zookeys


Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Wildlife Institute of India. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: 6115006c-ec2f-4bfd-9315-115879785446.  Wildlife Institute of India publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by GBIF India.


India; North East Himalaya; Assam; Arunachal Pradesh; Bihar; Manipur; Meghalaya; Mizoram; Nagaland; Sikkim; Tripura; West Bengal; Uttar Pradesh; Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society; BNHS; Animalia; Chordata; Aves; 1909 – 2007.; Occurrence


Who created the resource:

Sujit Narwade
BNHS Shaheed Bhagatsingh Road 400001 Mumbai Maharashtra IN 022-22821811

Who can answer questions about the resource:

Sujit Narwade
BNHS Shaheed Bhagatsingh Road 400001 Mumbai Maharashtra IN 022-22821811

Who filled in the metadata:

Sujit Narwade
BNHS Shaheed Bhagatsingh Road 400001 Mumbai Maharashtra IN 022-22821811

Who else was associated with the resource:

Mohit Kalra
BNHS Shaheed Bhagatsingh Road 400001 Mumbai Maharashtra IN 022-22821813
Content Provider
Rajkumar Jagdish
BNHS Shaheed Bhagatsingh Road 400001 Mumbai Maharashtra IN 022-22821811
Metadata Provider
Divya Varier
BNHS Shaheed Bhagatsingh Road 400001 Mumbai Maharashtra IN 022-22821811
Content Provider
Sagar Satpute
BNHS Shaheed Bhagatsingh Road 400001 Mumbai Maharashtra IN 022-22821811
Content Provider
Noor Khan
BNHS Shaheed Bhagatsingh Road 400001 Mumbai Maharashtra IN 022-22821811
Gautam Talukdar
Wildlife Institute of India Post Box #18, Chandrabani 248001 Dehradun Uttarakhand IN +91-1352640112
V.B. Mathur
Wildlife Institute of India Post Box #18, Chandrabani 248001 Dehradun Uttarakhand IN +91-1352640112
Karthik Vasudevan
Wildlife Institute of India Post Box #18, Chandrabani 248001 Dehradun Uttarakhand IN +91-1352640112
Dinesh Singh Pundir
Asstt. Programmer
Wildlife Institute of India Post Box #18, Chandrabani 248001 Dehradun Uttarakhand IN +91-1352640112
Metadata Provider
Vishwas Chavan
Senior Programme Officer for DIGIT
Global Biodiversity Information Facility Universitetsparken 15, DK 2100 Copenhagen DK +45 35 32 14 75
Rajesh Sood
Information System Analyst
Global Biodiversity Information Facility Universitetsparken 15, DK 2100 Copenhagen DK +45 35 32 14 75

Geographic Coverage

This dataset collates species occurrences from North East of India and neighboring regions. The occurrence records collated in the dataset are distributed across eleven provinces of India, viz. Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal. This region falls within the Himalayan mountain ranges, and spans an area of 234567 sq. km. The region is bordering with Bangladesh to the south, Bhutan to the west, Myanmar to the east and with China to its north. Minimal and maximum elevations are 2000 meters and 8000 meters above the sea level.

Bounding Coordinates South West [24.5, 78.383], North East [28.25, 93.8]

Taxonomic Coverage

The taxonomic coverage of this dataset spans Class Aves. The highest number of data records are from the family Muscicapidae (560 records), followed by Anatidae (180 records) and Accipitridae (136 records). The families with least number of records are Hemiprocnidae, Podargidae, Indicatoridae with one data record each.

Kingdom  Animalia
Phylum  Chordata
Class  Aves
Order  Podicipediformes, Pelecaniformes, Ciconiiformes, Anseriformes, Falconiformes, Galliformes, Gruiformes, Charadriiformes, Columbiformes, Psittaciformes, Cuculiformes, Strigiformes, Caprimulgiformes, Apodiformes, Trogoniformes, Coraciiformes, Piciformes, Passeriformes
Family  Podicipedidae, Phalacrocoracidae, Anhingidae, Ardeidae, Ciconiidae, Threskiornithidae, Anatidae, Accipitridae, Pandionidae, Falconidae, Phasianidae, Turnicidae, Gruidae, Rallidae, Otididae, Jacanidae, Rostratulidae, Charadriidae, Scolopacidae, Recurvirostridae, Glareolidae, Laridae, Rhynchopidae, Columbidae, Psittacidae, Cuculidae, Tytonidae, Strigidae, Podargidae, Caprimulgidae, Apodidae, Hemiprocnidae, Trogonidae, Alcedinidae, Meropidae, Coraciidae, Upupidae, Bucerotidae, Capitonidae, Indicatoridae, Picidae, Eurylaimidae, Pittidae, Alaudidae, Hirundinidae, Motacillidae, Campephagidae, Pycnonotidae, Irenidae, Laniidae, Troglodytidae, Prunellidae, Muscicapidae, Aegithalidae, Paridae, Sittidae, Certhiidae, Dicaeidae, Nectariniidae, Zosteropidae, Emberizidae, Fringillidae, Estrildidae, Passeridae, Sturnidae, Oriolidae, Dicruridae, Artamidae, Corvidae.

Temporal Coverage

Start Date / End Date 1909-01-01 / 2007-01-01

Project Data

No Description available

Title This dataset is an outcome of the collaborative work carried out by three projects, viz., (a) Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre on avian ecology, Bombay Natural History Society sponsored by the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India; (b) Important Bird Areas Programmes and Indian Bird Conservation Network (IBA-IBCN), sponsored by the Royal Society for Protection of Birds, United Kingdom; and (c) Impact of Climate Change on the Conservation of Birds a project, supported by the MacArthur Foundation.
Funding Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India, New Delhi (Funding), the Royal Society for Protection of Birds, United Kingdom (Funding), MacArthur Foundation (Funding), Bombay Natural History Society (Host institution), and Wildlife Institute of India (publishing support).
Study Area Description Northeast India is one of the significant biodiversity hotspots of the world and the richest bird zones in India. It is considered as the ‘biological gateway’ for much of India’s fauna, as the Gondwana land first touched this region, during the Tertiary period. The north-eastern region is at the confluence of the Indo-Malayan, Indo-Chinese and Indian biogeographical realm. As a result, it is unique in providing a profusion of habitats that harbors diverse biota with a high degree of endemism (Chatterji,, 2006).
Design Description Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre at the Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS) is a focal point for collection, collation and dissemination of data on avian ecology in India. The objective of this dataset is to collate avian observations documented in various research publications such as journals, magazines, newsletters, project reports, thesis, books, and other gray literature. However, the current version of the dataset collates occurrence records reported in research articles published in the Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society (JBNHS). The motivation for this approach is because of the dispersedavailability of the occurrence records in published literature. Because, these data records are documented in several literature sources, it is difficult to access them together, inspite of being in public domain. Thus, for a potential user it is not possible to access and use them when he/she needs it the most. Another consideration is the quality of these data records, as they are published in peer reviewed literature their quality is expected to be ‘fit-for-use’. The data records were entered in the MS-Excel worksheet. The offline version of the dataset maintained by the Bombay Natural History Society is developed employing the MS-Access. The key elements about which information is collated in the current version of the dataset includes, scientific name, common name, taxonomic classification, occurrence location, geo-coordinates, precision of geo-coordinates, date of observation, data collector, and primary source of the data record.

The personnel involved in the project:

Metadata Provider
Sujit Narwade

Bibliographic Citations

  1. Abdulali, H. (1983): Occurrence of the Great Crested Grebe, Podiceps cristatus (Linne) at Ranchi, Bihar, JBNHS 80 (2): 414-415.
  2. Abdulali, H. (1954): More notes on Finn's Baya (Ploceus megarhynchus), JBNHS 52 (2&3): 599-601.
  3. Abdulali, H. (1957): Some notes on the plumages of Centropus sinensis (Stephens), JBNHS 54 (1): 183-185.
  4. Abdulali, H. (1961): The nesting habits of the eastern race of Finn's Baya, Ploceus megarhynchus Salim Ali Abdulali, JBNHS 58 (1): 269-270.
  5. Abdulali, H. (1964): Notes on Indian birds 1-Ceyx erithacus rufidorsus Strickland in the Sikkim Terai, Eastern Himalayas: An addition to the Indian avifauna, JBNHS 61 (2): 439-440.
  6. Abdulali, H. (1965): Behaviour of Lesser Whistling Teal [Dendrocygna javanica (Horsfield)] in Alipore zoo, Calcutta, JBNHS 62 (2): 300-301.
  7. Allen, D., P.I. Holt & J. Hornbuckle (2002): Leaf-presenting as possible courtship behaviour by Pied Falconets Microhierax melanoleucos, JBNHS 99 (3): 518-520.
  8. Altevogi, R. & T.A. Davis (1979): Urbanization in nest building of Indian House Crow (Corvus splendens Vieillot), JBNHS 76 (2): 283-290.
  9. Barua, M. (2002): Occurrence of the Indian Skimmer Rhynchops albicollis Swainson in Assam, JBNHS 99 (3): 526.
  10. Baruah, M., G. Chettri & P. Bordoloi (2004): Sighting of White-bellied Heron Ardea insignis Hume in Pobitora wildlife sanctuary, JBNHS 101 (2): 311.
  11. Bertram, B. (1967): Hill Myna Gracula religiosa Linnaeus breeding in artificial nests in Garo hills, Assam, JBNHS 64 (2): 369-370.
  12. Betts, F.N. (1952): Bird nesting on telegraph wires, JBNHS 51 (1): 271-272.
  13. Betts, F.N. (1955): Notes on birds of the Subansiri area, Assam, JBNHS 53 (4): 397-414.
  14. Burley, H. (1954): Occurrence of the Blacknecked Crane (Grus nigricollis) in Indian limits, JBNHS 52 (2&3): 605-606.
  15. Burnett, J.H. (1958): Photographing a colony of Egrets (Bubulcus ibis and Egretta garzetta) in Assam, JBNHS 55 (3): 565-566.
  16. Chatterjee, S. (1995): Occurance of Albino Lesser Whistling Teal, Dendrocygna javanica (Horsfield), JBNHS 92 (3): 417-418.
  17. Chatterjee, S., K. Mookerjee, B. Bhattacharya and A. Banerjee (1995): Occurrence of Falcated Teal Anas falcata Georgi in West Bengal, JBNHS 92 (2): 262.
  18. Chattopadhyay, S. (1978): Occurrence of the Thickbilled Warbler Phrag- Maticola aedon rufescens Stegmann at Baj Baj, West Bengal, JBNHS 75 (2): 491-492.
  19. Chattopadhyay, S. (1980): Egg-bound death of a Purplerumped Sunbird at Baj Baj, West Bengal, JBNHS 77 (2): 333.
  20. Chattopadhyay, S. (1980): Observations on parental care of a wounded chick of the Bronze-winged Jacana, Metopidius indicus (Latham) JBNHS 77 (2): 325-326.
  21. Choudhury, A. (1991): Purple-rumped Sunbird Nectarinia zeylonica (Linn.): A new record for Assam, JBNHS 88 (1): 114.
  22. Choudhury, A. (1992): Addition to the birds of Assam - Blacknecked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis Brehm, JBNHS 89 (2): 245-246
  23. Choudhury, A. (1993): Additions to the birds of Assam: White-tailed Sea eagle and Large Sand Plover, JBNHS 91 (1): 139.
  24. Choudhury, A. (1993): On a possible sight records of the Little Gull Larus minutus Pallas in Arunachal Pradesh, JBNHS 90 (2): 290.
  25. Choudhury, A. (1998): Common Myna feeding a fledgling Koel, JBNHS 95 (1): 115.
  26. Choudhury, A. (1998): The Bengal Florican Eupodotis bengalensis Gmelin 1789 in Dibang valley district of Arunachal Pradesh, JBNHS 95 (2): 342.
  27. Choudhury, A. (2004): Sighting of Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria in Assam and Manipur, JBNHS 101 (3): 463.
  28. Choudhury, A. (2005): Great-tufted Myna Acridotheres grandis - An addition to the birds of Meghalaya, JBNHS 102 (1): 117.
  29. Choudhury, A. (2005): Migration of Black-eared or Large India Kite Milvus migrans lineatus (Gray) from Mongolia to North-eastern India, JBNHS 102 (2): 229-230.
  30. Das, P.K. (1965): The Whitecheeked Drongo [Dicrurus leucophaeus salangensis Reichenow] : An Addition to the Indian avifauna, JBNHS 62 (3): 557-558.
  31. Datta, A. (2004): Sighting of the Oriental Bay-Owl Phodilus badius saturatus in Pakhui Wildlife sanctuary, Western Arunachal Pradesh, JBNHS 101 (1): 156.
  32. Davis, T.A. (1973): Mud and Dung plastering in Baya nests, JBNHS 70 (1): 57-71.
  33. Editors, (1952): The whimbrel (Numenius phaeopus) in Assam, JBNHS 50 (3): 663.
  34. Editors, BNHS (1958): The Avocet (Recurvirostra avosetta Linn.) in Assam, JBNHS 55 (1): 170.
  35. Fooks, H.A. (1966): Whistling Teal [Dendrocygna javanica (Horsefield)] and other memories of Alipore zoo, Calcutta, JBNHS 63 (1): 200-202.
  36. Ganguli, U. (1990): Blackwinged Kite Elanus caeruleus vociferus (Latham) at 3650m in Sikkim, JBNHS 87 (1): 142.
  37. Ganguli, U. (1990): Brahminy Duck Tadorna ferruginea (Pallas) Breeding in Sikkim, JBNHS 87 (2): 290.
  38. Ganguli, U. (1990): Osprey Pandion haliaetus in Sikkim, JBNHS 87 (2): 291.
  39. Ganguli-Lachungpa, U. & Lucksom, S. (1998): Sighting of Hodgson's Frogmouth Batrachostomus hodgsoni hodgsoni (G.R. Gray) from Sikkim, JBNHS 95 (3): 505.
  40. Ganguli-Lachungpa, U. & Lucksom, S. (1998): Western Greyheaded Thrush Turdus rubrocanus G.R. Gray in Sikkim, JBNHS 95 (3): 508-509.
  41. Ganguli-Lachungpa, U. (1991): Occurance of Blacknecked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis Brehm, Little Grebe P. Ruficollis (Pallas) and Goosander Mergus merganser Linn. In West Sikkim, JBNHS 88 (2): 280.
  42. Ganguli-Lachungpa, U. (1998): Attempted breeding of the Blacknecked Crane Grus nigricollis Przevalski in North Sikkim, JBNHS 95 (2): 341.
  43. Ganguli-Lachungpa, U. (2002): Eurasian Eagle-owl Bubo bubo tibetanus Bianchi at 2,100 M in north Sikkim, JBNHS 99 (2): 305-306.
  44. Ganguli-Lachungpa, U. (2003): Common coot Fulica atra from Kyongnosla in East Sikkim, JBNHS 100 (1): 121.
  45. Ganguly, J.K. (1986): Co-operative feeding of chicks of the Purple-rumped Sunbird (Nectarinia zeylonica), JBNHS 83 (2): 447.
  46. Gauntlett, F.M. (1971): Durgapur barrage as a waterbird habitat, JBNHS 68 (3): 619-632.
  47. Gauntlett, F.M. (1985): The birds of Durgapur and the Damodar valley, JBNHS 82 (2): 501-539.
  48. Gee, E.P. (1958): The present status of the Whitewinged Wood Duck, Cairina scutulata (S. Muller), JBNHS 55 (3): 569-575.
  49. George, P.V. (1967): On the occurrence of the Fulvous-brested Woodpecker Dendrocopos macei (Vieillot) in Sikkim, JBNHS 64 (3): 559-560.
  50. Ghose D. & S. Khan (2005): Albino bulbul at Keibul Lamjao national park, Manipur, India, JBNHS 102 (1): 120-121.
  51. Green, M.J.B. (1986): The birds of the Kedarnath sanctuary, Chamoli district, Uttar Pradesh: Status and distribution, JBNHS 83 (3): 603 – 617.
  52. Gupta, K.K. (1966): Aggressive behaviour of a Spotted Owlet [Athene brahma (Temminck)], JBNHS 63 (2): 441-442.
  53. Gupta, K.K. (1995): A note on Baya, Ploceus philippinus nesting on Krishnachuda (Delonix regia) tree, JBNHS 92 (1): 124-125.
  54. Haribal, M. & Ganguli-Lachungpa (1991): Black Woodpecker Dryocopus Sp. In Jaldapara sanctuary, West Bengal, JBNHS 88 (1): 112.
  55. Harington, H.H. (1915): Notes on Indian Timaliides and their allies. Pt. 4. JBNHS 23: 614-657.
  56. Holmes, J.R.S. (1968): New wintering locality of the Spotted Bush Warbler Bradypterus thoracicus (Blyth), JBNHS 65 (3): 779-780.
  57. Hopper, C.D. (1958): Occurrence of the Baikal Teal Nettion formosum (Georgi) in Assam, JBNHS 55 (2): 359-360.
  58. Hussain, S.A. (1984): Hypsipetes madagascariensis sinensis (La touch): A first record for India, JBNHS 81 (1): 195-196.
  59. Jackson, P.F.R. (1974): Goliath Heron in the Sundarbans, West Bengal, JBNHS 71 (3): 608-609.
  60. Javed, S. (1995): Hare in the diet of White-eyed Buzzard Eagle Butastur teesa (Franklin), JBNHS 92 (1): 119.
  61. Jha, A. (2001): Competition between Jungle Myna Acridotheres fuscus and Lesser Goldenbacked Woodpecker Dinopium benghalense for a nest hole, JBNHS 98 (1): 115.
  62. Jha, A. (2002): More evidence of Red-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus cafer feeding on House Gecko Hemidactylus flaviviridis, JBNHS 99 (1): 118.
  63. Jha, S. (1994): An Albino Myna Acridotheres tristis (Linnaeus), JBNHS 91 (3): 455.
  64. Jha, S. (2000): A note on the feeding of Lesser Coucal (Centropus toulou), JBNHS 97 (1): 144.
  65. Jha, S. (2002): Attempted feeding by a Shikra Accipiter badius, family Accipitridae, on Buffstriped Keelback Amphiesma stolata, family Colubridae, JBNHS 99 (2): 298.
  66. Kalita, S.K. (2000): Competition for food between a Garden Lizard Calotes versicolor (Daudin) and a Magpie Robin Copsychus saularis Linn., JBNHS 97 (3): 431
  67. Kumar, R.S. (2003): Ring recovery from Great Cormorants Phalacrocorax carbo in India. JBNHS 100 (3): 621-624.
  68. Kumar, R.S. (2004): Common Starling Sturnus vulgaris in Arunachal Pradesh, India, JBNHS 101 (2): 320.
  69. Lahkar, B. (2000): Pallas's fishing Eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus (Pallas) pirates fish from an Otter Lutra lutra (Linn.), JBNHS 97 (3): 425.
  70. Lahkar, K. & M.P. Phukan (2007): Wintering range extension of White-throated Bushchat Saxicola insignis (Gray) in India, JBNHS 104 (3): 348-349.
  71. Lamba, B.S. (1981): A queer nesting site of Bank Myna, Acridotheres ginginianus, JBNHS 78 (3): 605-606.
  72. Law, S.C. (1952): Occurrence of the Smew [Mergellus albellus (Linn.)] in West Bengal, JBNHS 51 (2): 508-509.
  73. Lister, M.D. (1952): Secondary song of some Indian birds, JBNHS 51 (3): 699-706
  74. Lister, M.D. (1954): A contribution to the ornithology of the Darjeeling area, JBNHS 52 (1): 20-68
  75. Madge, S.C. (1984): First Indian record of Chaffinch (Fringilla coelebs), JBNHS 81 (3): 702-703.
  76. Mansion, P. (1967): The whistling Teal [Dendrocygna javanica (Horsfield)] in the Calcutta environs, JBNHS 64 (3): 558-559.
  77. Matthews, W.H. (1952): Breeding of Rallina euryzonoides nigrolineata (Gray) in the Darjeeling district, JBNHS 51 (3): 742-743.
  78. Meinertzhagen, R. (1952): A new bird for India - Montifringilla davidiana potanini (Sushkin), JBNHS 51 (1): 273-274.
  79. Mohan, D. & R. Chellam (1990): New call record of Greenbreasted Pitta Pitta sordida (P.L.S. Muller) in Dehra Dun, Uttar Pradesh, JBNHS 87 (3): 453.
  80. Mohan, D., N.D. Rai & A.P. Singh (1992): Longtailed Duck or Old Squaw Clangula hyemalis (Linn.) in Dehra Dun, Uttar Pradesh JBNHS 89 (2): 247.
  81. Mukherjee, A.K. (1969): Food-habits of water-birds of the Sundarban, 24-Parganas district, West Bengal, India, JBNHS 66 (2): 345-360.
  82. Mukherjee, A.K. (1971): Food-Habits of water-birds of the Sundarban, 24-Parganas district, West Bengal, India - III, JBNHS 68 (1): 690 – 716.
  83. Mukherjee, A.K. (1974): Food-habits of water-birds of the Sundarban, 24 Parganas district, West Bengal, India - IV, JBNHS 71 (2) 188-200.
  84. Mukherjee, A.K. (1975): Food-habits of waterbirds of the Sundarban, 24 Parganas district, West Bengal, India - V, JBNHS 72 (2): 422-447.
  85. Mukherjee, A.K. (1975): The Sundarban of India and its biota, JBNHS 72 (1): 1-20.
  86. Mukherjee, A.K. (1976): Food-habits of water-birds of the Sundarban, 24 Parganas district, West Bengal, India - VI, JBNHS 73 (2): 482- 486.
  87. Mukhopadhyay, A. (1980): Some observations on the biology of the Openbill Stork, Anastomus oscitans (Boddaert), in Southern Bengal, JBNHS 77 (1): 133-137.
  88. Mukhrjee, A.K. (1971): Food-habits of water-birds of the Sundarban, 24-Parganas district, West Bengal, India - II, JBNHS 68 (1) 37-64.
  89. Murthy, S. (1954): An intelligent Myna, JBNHS 52 (2&3): 598.
  90. Naoroji, R., H.S. Sangha & M. Barua (2005): The Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni and Amur Falcon Falco amurensis in the Garo hills, Meghalaya, India, JBNHS 102 (1): 103-105.
  91. Narayan, G. & L. Rosalind (1991): NEW RECORD OF THE Pied Harrier Circus melanoleucos (Pennant) Breeding in Assam Duars, with a brief review of its distribution, JBNHS 88 (1): 30-34.
  92. Narayan, G. & L. Rosalind (1994): Wintering and time extension of Hodgson's Bush Chat Saxicola insignis (Gray) in India. JBNHS 94 (3): 572-573.
  93. Rahmani, A.R. & R. Sankaran (1990): An unusual nesting site of the Sunbird, JBNHS 87 (1): 148-149.
  94. Rahmani, A.R. (1981): Large Racket-tailed Drongo and Common Babbler, JBNHS 78 (2): 380.
  95. Rahmani, A.R. (1981): Narora reservoir, U.P., - A potential bird sanctuary, JBNHS 78 (1): 88-92.
  96. Rahmani, A.R. (1991) Status of the Bengal florican Houbaropsis bengalensis in India, JBNHS 88 (3): 349-375.
  97. Rao, K.R. & R. Zoramthanga (1978): On the Phenomenon of nocturnal flights of some resident birds at Lunglei, Mizoram, N.E. India, JBNHS 75 (3): 927-928.
  98. Rao, P. & S. Murlidharan (1989): Unusual feeding behaviour in the Adjutant Stork Leptoptilos dubius (Gmelin), JBNHS 86 (1): 97.
  99. Rao, P., R.B. Grubh & S. Muralidharan (1989): Range extension of Eurasian Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus, JBNHS 86 (2): 240-241.
  100. Rasool, T.J. (1984): Some observations on Natural Cheer Pheasant, Catreus wallichii, Population at Mukteshwar reserve forest, Kumaon, Nainital, U.P., JBNHS 81 (2): 469-471.
  101. Raza, R. (1993): Sighting of Black Bulbul Hypsipetes madagascariensis (P.L.S. Muller) in Gaya, Bihar, JBNHS 90 (2): 291.
  102. Ripley, S.D. (1952): A collection of birds from the Naga hills, JBNHS 50 (3): 475-514.
  103. Ripley, S.D. (1980): A new species, and a new subspecies of bird from trip district, Arunachal Pradesh, and comments on the subspecies of Stachyris nigriceps Blyth., JBNHS 77 (1): 1-5.
  104. Ritschard, M. & A. Taschler (2008): A recent observation of White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala at Gajaldoba barrage, West Bengal, India, JBNHS 105 (1): 95.
  105. Ritschard, M., P. Logtmeijer & A. Taschler (2008): Two observations of Malayan Night-heron Gorsachius melanophus from West Bengal, India, JBNHS 105 (1): 97-98.
  106. Saha, B.C. & A.K. Mukherjee (1978): Notes on the food of the Blackheaded Munia and the Spotted Munia in South Kamrup district, Western Assam (India), JBNHS 75 (1): 221-224.
  107. Saha, S.S. (1976): Occurrence of Finn's Baya (Ploceus megarhynchus Hume) in Dirrang district, Assam, JBNHS 73 (3): 527-529.
  108. Saha, S.S. (1980): Blacknecked Crane in Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh - A survey report for January-february 1978, JBNHS 77 (2): 326-328.
  109. Saha, S.S., P.V. George, D.K. Ghosal, H.P. Mookerjee, A.K. Poddar, R.K. Ghose, P.K. Das, V.G. Gogate & B. Biswas (1971): Notes on some interesting birds from the salt lakes, near Calcutta, JBNHS 68 (2): 455-457.
  110. Sankaran R. (1989): Range extension of Yellowbellied Wren-Warbler Prinia flaviventris, JBNHS 86 (3): 451.
  111. Sankaran, R., A.R. Rahmani & U. Ganguli-Lachungpa (1992): The distribution and status of the Lesser Florican Sypheotides indica (J.F. Miller) in the Indian subcontinent, JBNHS 89 (2): 156-179.
  112. Sarma, P., M. Barua & V. Menon (1997): Orangebilled Jungle Mynah and Hodgson's Bushchat in Kaziranga National Park, JBNHS 94 (1): 156-157.
  113. Satheesan, S.M. (1990): Biometrics and food of some doves of the genus Streptopelia, JBNHS 87 (3): 452-453.
  114. Satheesan, S.M. (1993): Extension of range of the Kashmir Roller (Blue Jay) Coracias garrulus to Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh, JBNHS 90 (1): 95.
  115. Sendall, D. (1952): Occurrence of the Avocet (Recurvirostra avocetta Linn.) in Assam, JBNHS 50 (4): 947.
  116. Sengupta, S. (1973): Significance of communal roosting in the Common Myna [Acridotheres tristis (Linn.)], JBNHS 70 (1): 204-206.
  117. Sengupta, S. (1975): Further note on the pair formation of the Common Myna, Acridotheres tristis, JBNHS 72 (3): 856-857.
  118. Sengupta, S.N. (1969): Nest protection by the Indian House Crow (Corvus splendens Linnaeus), JBNHS 66 (2) 377-378.
  119. Sharma, A. & C. Zockler (2008): First record of Caspian Gulls Larus cachinnans in the Indian Sunderbans delta, JBNHS 105 (1): 93-94.
  120. Sharma, A. (2008): Record of Large congregation of Large Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna bicolor in the Purbasthali-ganges islets, Burdwan district, West Bengal, JBNHS 105 (1): 97.
  121. Sharma, A. (2008): Sighting of Indian Skimmer Rhynchops albicollis (Swainson) in the Purbasthali-ganges islets, Burdwan district, West Bengal, JBNHS 105 (1): 92-93.
  122. Singh, K.S. (1998): Aerial display of Rufous Turtle Dove Streptopelia orientalis agricola Tickell near Nambol bazar, Manipur, JBNHS 95 (1): 114.
  123. Singh, P. (1992): Spotted Longtailed Wren-babbler Spelaeornis troglodytoides (Verreaux) in Arunachal Pradesh, JBNHS 89 (3): 376.
  124. Singh, P. (1995): Occurance of Swamp Partridge, Francolinus gularis (Temminck) in Arunachal Pradesh, JBNHS 92 (3): 419.
  125. Singha, H., A.R. Rahmani, M.C. Coulter & S. Javed (2003): Breeding behaviour of the Greater Adjutant-stork Leptotilos dubius in Assam, India, JBNHS 100 (1): 9-26.
  126. Singha, H., R. Karim & A.R. Rahmani (1999): Menopon gallinae infesting Greater Adjutant Stork Leptoptilos dubius at Nagaon, Assam, JBNHS 96 (1): 137-138.
  127. Sivakumar, S. & V. Prakash, (2004): Cat snake Boiga trigonata in diet of Jerdon's Baza Aviceda jerdoni, JBNHS 101 (3): 445-446.
  128. Taylor, J.N. (1954): Occurrence of Bronzecapped or Falcated Teal (Eunetta falcata) near Calcutta, JBNHS 52 (2&3): 607.
  129. Yahya, S.A. (1981): Golden Oriole (Oriolus oriolus) feeding a fledgling Cuckoo (Cuculus sp.). JBNHS 78 (2): 379-380.
  130. Following two publications refered in the metadata text are not used for data collection. Islam, M.Z. & A.R. Rahmani (2004): Important bird areas in India: Priority sites for conservation. Indian Bird Conservation Network, BNHS and BirdLife International. Pp xviii + 1133. Chatterjee, S., A. Saikia, P. Dutta, D. Ghosh, G. Pangging & A.K. Goswami (2006): Biodiversity significance of north east India. WWF-India, New Delhi. Pp 71.

Additional Metadata

We are most thankful to the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF), Government of India; the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB), United Kingdom; and the MacArthur Foundation for financial support. We would like to express our deepest gratitude to Dr. Asad R. Rahmani, Director, BNHS and Principal Investigators of the aforementioned projects.

Alternative Identifiers 6115006c-ec2f-4bfd-9315-115879785446